Christoph Herrmann: The Positive Impact Factory – Transition from Eco-Efficiency to Eco-Effectiveness Strategies in Manufacturing

The manufacturing industry contributes to more than a third of the global CO2 emissions. Measures for reduction primarily focus on eco-efficiency, seeking for minimized energy demand and to a smaller extent also for lower resource consumption. However, this strategy of just “making things less bad” will not suffice to meet the aforementioned challenges. Instead eco-effectiveness strategies are required, i.e. manufacturing systems with a positive recoupling between economy and ecology. This contribution gives an overview of historically related bad impacts of manufacturing to environment and society and derives requirements for future manufacturing, leading to the concept of a Positive Impact.

Christoph Herrmann ist Universitätsprofessor für Nachhaltige Produktion und Life Cycle Engineering und Leiter des Instituts für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigungstechnik (IWF) der Technischen Universität Braunschweig. Seit 2009 leitet er die deutsch-australische Forschergruppe Sustainable Manufacturing & Life Cycle Engineering gemeinsam mit Prof. Sami Kara, University of New South Wales, Sydney.